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Shopon hossin
Jul 06, 2022
In Wellness Forum
The pressure within Ad Mapu to enforce the Country Email List commitments of the candidate for the Presidency of the Concertation of Parties for Democracy, such as constitutional recognition, the ratification of Convention 169 of the International Country Email List Labor Organization ( ilo ) and the creation of a regulation of protection and promotion of identity, sought to specify a commitment of the opposition to the dictatorship, within the framework of a Country Email List wave of democratization on a global scale17. The Indigenous Law of 1993, not exempt Country Email List from colonial visions, designed affirmative policies that allowed the development of the Mapuche population on the basis of educational insertion, economic support for students, the promotion of the arts and insertion in the educational system. on the basis of identity affirmation policies. Almost 20 Country Email List years after that law, it is feasible to think that the new challenges associated with the politicization of identity are related to two new realities: the rise of the autonomist movement and affirmation policies. Both, subscribed to an economic model that is constituted in inequality and Country Email List difference, they have ended up creating a political framework. In which members with ethnic Country Email List belonging are incorporated under neoliberalism without being subjects of rights and with difficulties in inserting themselves into a model that is based on inequality. The latter strengthened the extra-institutional movement, which was achieving, in the first seven years of the democratic transition, greater Country Email List political weight.18. Since 1990, with the founding of self-determination continued to assert itself as a political horizon for the Mapuche people. This can be seen as the «other transition» to democracy, since reinforced the perspective that it was the communities that supported the Mapuche political process Country Email List and that their traditional leaderships headed the Mapuche.
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Shopon hossin
Jul 06, 2022
In Wellness Forum
Thus, since the 1980s, the leaders have Country Email List been creating political, legal and symbolic frameworks to advance towards self-determination.13. The Mapuche, not unaware of these debates, decided to advance towards a Country Email List project of "historical character" – as they called self-determination. In the words of José Mariman, these new postulates differ from the land claims of the 20th century; however, the experiences of the Country Email List communities that reinforce the conception of autonomy were the «land recoveries» under the agrarian reforms and the settlements. For Mariman, the concept of "autonomy" is not Country Email List homogeneous, it reveals an internal debate in the Mapuche "political society", which tells us about the existence of a discourse that emphasizes the ethnocultural or traditions Country Email List when imagining a future for the mapuche14. Now, what is meant by self-determination? In 1983, at the Third National Assembly of the Mapuche People convened by Ad Mapu, it was stated: "The Occupation meant the interruption of the development process of our people and the cornering of our Country Email List population in indigenous reservations." In the following points, the Assembly Country Email List pronounces itself in favor of the "autonomy and self-determination of our people insofar as we must be managers and protagonists of our own development process" and concludes by upholding the desire to "participate in the drafting of a new Political Constitution that protects and Country Email List guarantees our rights and cultural heritage in accordance with our ethnic identity»fifteen. In 1985, in the magazine Nütram –Ad Mapu 's ideological organ–, it was stated: «a Mapuche without land is not a Mapuche». Years later, in a conversation with Ana Llao, leader of Ad Mapu, she recalled how the Country Email List need for a new Constitution was raised that would recognize the Mapuche as subjects of rights16.
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